*A mathematical model of metabolic insulin signaling pathways,*
A. R. Sedaghat, A. Sherman, and M. J. Quon.
Am. J. Physiol., 283(5):E1084-101, 2002.
[PubMed]

This page contains input files for the differential equation solvers XPP and WinPP that reproduce the figures in the above paper. The instructions below assume you have the paper open in front of you.

XPP is designed for use with Unix/Linux and X-Windows. WinPP is designed for
use with Windows. It is no longer under development, and lacks some features
(not needed if you just want to solve these equations). See **How to
obtain** below for information on how to run XPP with Windows. The files are
human-readable ASCII text and may be easily adapted to other software if you do
not have XPP or WinPP or prefer another tool.

- nofeedback.ode (2K).

Which describes the basic model without negative feedback.

This file was used to produce Figures 6 and 7, the curves labeled "without feedback" in Figures 10 and 11, and Figure 12 in the paper. - feedback.ode (2K).

Which describes the basic model with negative feedback.

This file was used to produce Figures 8 and 9, and the curves labeled "with feedback" in Figures 10 and 11 in the paper.

If you have and know how to use XPP/WinPP, just click on the link of each file,
save to your own computer, and open with XPP or WinPP. (In Windows, be sure to
save as Text). If not, see **How to obtain** below.

Using **nofeedback.ode**, integrating with the default view, parameters and initial
conditions will produce Fig. 6A (x2 vs. time). The other variables displayed in Figs.
6 and 7 in the paper can be displayed by changing the graphical view (no need to
reintegrate). Fig. 10 is more labor intensive, each data point
requiring a separate integration
of the equations for each value of Insulin (insstep, in the ode file).
Fig. 12 illustrates the effect of increasing phosphatase activity by
raising the parameter PTP to 1.5. Insulin concentration (insstep)
must also be adjusted as indicated in the figure.

Using **feedback.ode**, integrating with the default view, parameters and initial
conditions will produce Fig. 8A (x2 vs. time). The other variables displayed
in Figs. 8 and 9 in the paper can be displayed by changing the graphical view.
Fig. 10 again requires a separate integration of the equations for each value
of Insulin (insstep).

Information on how to use and install these programs can be found at:
Bard Ermentrout's XPP Web
page.

If you know what you want (for example, you just need the latest version),
the programs can be downloaded from:
Bard Ermentrout's ftp site.

A book with tutorials on how to use XPP/WinPP along with many informative examples of what they can be used for:

"Simulating, Analyzing, and Animating Dynamical Systems", by Bard Ermentrout, published in 2002 by SIAM (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics). The book can be ordered from SIAM On-Line Book Catalog or elsewhere. The ISBN is 0-89871-506-7.

Questions and comments about the ode files, especially discrepancies with the paper, can be sent to:

Arthur Sherman

NIDDK/MRB

BSA Building, Suite 350

9190 ROCKVILLE PIKE MSC 2690

BETHESDA MD 20892-2690

Phone: (301) 496-4325

Fax: (301) 402-0535

Email: asherman@nih.gov

(Note: The U. S. government is not responsible for content of any links to non-federal sites.) (Full Disclaimer)

General questions and comments about this page can be sent to:

To go back to Sherman's Home Page click here

*Last Updated 6/26/02*